. . . . Information and Availability of Naturally Occuring Mind Altering Substances . . . .
is also called thle-pelakano, Leaf of God, bitter grass, bitter leaf, and most commonly "dream herb." "Calea zacatechichi is a plant used by the Chontal Indians of Mexico to obtain divinatory messages during dreaming. At human doses, organic extracts of the plant produce the EEG and behavioral signs of somnolence and induce light sleep in cats. Large doses elicit salivation, ataxia, retching and occasional vomiting. The effects of the plant upon cingulum discharge frequency were significantly different from hallucinogenic- dissociative drugs (ketamine. quipazine, phencyclidine and SKF-10017). In human healthy volunteers, low doses of the extracts administered in a double-blind design against placebo increased reaction time end time-lapse estimation. A controlled nap sleep study in the same volunteers showed that Calea extracts increased the superficial stages of sleep and the number of spontaneous awakenings. The subjective reports of dreams were significantly higher than both placebo and diazepam, indicating an increase in hypnagogic imagery occurring during superficial sleep stages."
"The dose was estimated in the following manner: the human dose for divinatory purposes reported by the Chontal informant is "a handful" of the dried plant. Since the mean weight of many handfuls taken by several people was 60 g. we decided that the average human dose (HD-1) is around 1 g/kg of dried-mashed material. (Conteras et al.. 1979, 1984). Calea is often considered oneirogenic (dream inducing) in doses as small as 0.5g taken orally. C. zacatechichi contains sesquiterpene lactones: germacranolide, calaxin, ciliarin, caleicins A and B, caleocromenes A and B and several other chemical analoques. Analysis of the Calea's chemical composition has also shown that a psychoactive compound of unknown structure is present.2,4 Various C. zacatechichi samples show differences in chemical composition, thus chemical taxonomy may be helpful in reclassifying the Calea genus. The active constituents are water-soluble and might also dissolve in alcohol.
In 1968 a naturalist, Thomas MacDougall, working among the Chontal Indians, reported a "secret" plant that is made into a tea or infusion and consumed in solitude while a cigarette of the same leaves is smoked. This produces a feeling of well-being that continues for one or more days. It is said that Calea promote a repose and one hears one's own heart and pulse beating.
(Wm. Emboden, Narcotic Plants, revised ed., Collier Books, pgs 33-34)
Recent reports suggest that the chontal Indians of Oaxaca take a tea of the crushed, dried leaves as an hallucinogen. Believing in visions seen in dreams, Chontal medicine men, who assert that Zacatechichi clarifies the senses, call the plant Thle-pelakano or "leaf of the god." There is some evidence that the intoxication is accompanied also by auditory hallucinations....No constituent with hallucinatory properties has as yet been isolated from C. zacatechichi.
Plants of the Gods
Calea zacatechichi is a heavily branching shrub with triangular-ovate, coarsely toothed leaves 2-6.5 cm (3/4-2 1/2 in) long. The inflorescence is densely many-flowered (usually about 12). The shrub may reach 1.5m (4.5 feet) in height.
"Have you ever had a dream, Neo, that you were so sure was real. What if you were unable to wake from that dream? How would you know the difference between the dream world and the real world?"
Copywrong © 2004 - 2012
Inc. All wrongs reversed.