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Psilocybe cubensis

Magic mushrooms, or “shrooms” for short, have many other common names throughout the world including: Sacred mushrooms, teonanácatl, nti si tho, pequeño niño, Aluxes, las mujercitas, las pequeñas, niños santos & princesa noble de las agues.
There are 186 known kinds of psilocybian mushrooms, of which Psilocybe cubensis (formerly Stropharia cubensis) is the most often consumed for its psychoactive effects. A complete list can be found here.

Psilocybe cubensis is a medium strength psilocybian mushroom containing approximately .63% psilocybin and .60% psilocin in wild mushrooms. Indoor cultivated mushrooms tend to be more potent. Note that concentration of psilocybin and psilocin can vary greatly between batches. “The effects of mushrooms are greatly affected by dose and an individual's sensitivity to psilocybin. For some rare people 1/4 gm of Psilocybe Cubensis (a very small amount) is enough to propel them into full visionary states, with Open Eye Visuals, unpleasant stomach cramps or gas, and other High-Dose effects, while for others the same amount would be barely (if at all) noticeable, possibly causing a slight cold feeling during the first hour and other 'Threshold' effects. It is therefore important to get to know your individual reaction to small amounts of all entheogens. Be safe.”

Psilocybe mushrooms should not be confused with Amanita Muscaria (fly agaric). Fly Agaric does not contain psilocybin or psilocin. It does contain amatoxins which can be lethal at high doses.

If growing your own magic mushrooms and they become covered with mold, DO NOT eat them. When you have bought (fresh) or picked magic mushrooms and they have gone bad (dark brown, black, moldy), DO NOT eat them. Moldy or bad mushrooms may contain deadly poisons and harmful bacteria, that could make you very ill.

If you are not an expert at identifying wild mushrooms, do not attempt to pick magic mushrooms in the wild. There is NO way to identify a mushroom based solely on a photo or even a written description. Identifying mushrooms is a complex process and it's easy to make mistakes. There are many varieties of both edible and psychoactive mushrooms which have poisonous look-alikes. Even an expert can be fooled by the outward appearance of these deadly look-alikes. We strongly recommend that you do NOT consume mushrooms you pick yourself.
Growing correctly identified spores in a sterile environment is one way to eliminate this hazard.

Psilocybin (4-Phosphoryloxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine) is the major psychoactive agent in psilocybian mushrooms. The main difference between psilocybin and psilocin (4-hydroxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine) is their relative stabilities; psilocin is much more easily oxidized, so it deteriorates much more quickly than psilocybin. Baeocystin (4-Phosphoryloxy-N-methyltryptamine) & Norbaeocystin (4-Phosphoryloxytryptamine) are other psychoactive agents known to be present in some "magic mushroom" varieties.

A typical oral dose of dried Psilocybe cubensis mushrooms would be 1 - 2.5 g (4 - 8 mg of psilocybin.) The threshold psychoactive does is about .25 g (2 mg of psilocybin), and a heavy dose would be 5+ g (20 mg of psilocybin.) When held in the mouth, the onset will begin in about 15 minutes. If swallowed on an empty stomach the effects will begin within 1 hour. The psychoactive effects peak ~90 minutes into the trip and typically last between 2 and 8 hours. Normal after effects can last up to an additional 8 hours.

Subjective Effects:

Threshold: (from .25gm - .75gms P. Cubensis) Slight cold feeling, mild gas or nausea, nervous-feeling, slight pupil-dilation, mild visual changes including lights seeming brighter, lights having a 'starry' look, and noticing movement at the periphery of vision, giddiness, feeling more emotionally sensitive, and many other effects related to a change in neurochemistry.

Medium: (0.75gm - 2.5gms P. Cubensis) 'Cold' feeling, gas and/or stomach discomfort, nausea, pupil-dilation, open-eye visual effects: lights gain auras, star-pattern effects, rainbowing around lighting, lights seem brighter, often 'more beautiful', notice movement in periphery, sometimes increased ability to focus, sometimes reduced ability to focus, visual field 'distracting', visual field 'entertaining', closed eye 'visuals': normal closed eye 'blobs' take on patterns, shapes, distinct forms, increased ability to visualize creatively, spontaneous detailed images, feelings of time-dilation, feelings of `coming home again' which is often more pronounced for those who have used mushrooms before, feelings of belonging and connection, increased emotional sensitivity, increased ability to focus on emotional problems or memories, chance of becoming 'caught in a loop' thinking / dwelling on a single thought or feeling (usually negative or painful), realizations about past feelings, realizations about how to live, gain a new perspective on current lifestyle and behaviors, feelings of connection with those around you, noticing things which are normally ignored or taken for granted, feelings of wonder, spirit, joy, sadness, despair, religious awakening, contentment and possibly latent psychological crises can come out..

High Dose: (2.5gm - 10gms) All of the Medium Effects, usually with a significantly more uncomfortable Coming Up, more pronounced nausea sometimes (rarely) resulting in vomiting, sometimes significant mental discomfort associated with feelings of fear and often times accompanying a "what have I done to myself" or "how far am I going" thought, the unpleasant Coming Up effects usually lessen with familiarity and more knowledge about the safety and character of mushroom effects. High Dose Effects are usually characterized by the closed eye visualizations being significantly more elaborate and enfolding, religious revelation, spiritual awakening, near death experiences, loss of self, talking to seemingly external, autonomous entities, extreme emotional responses, repressed memories coming to life, latent psychological crises can come to the surface, an increase in artistic sense, and intense feelings of wonder, connection, joy, fear. High Dose Effects can also include extreme time-dilation, with experiences of wall-clock minutes taking an experientially large amount of time, watching clocks or digital counters where the seconds seem to take minutes to count off. One of the most interesting effects is the feeling of awakening for the first time ever from a previous state of sleep, of liberation from what is now seen as a life-long state of bondage. Paradoxically, it is this new awareness which feels normal and natural and the previous fog which is seen to have been unreal all along. The bemushroomed seeker is convinced that, once gained, this awareness is impossible to lose, but inexplicably by the next day it is just a memory.

Source: Erowid Psilocybin Mushroom Vault

Cluster Headache Treatment with Psilocybin Mushrooms & LSD.

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"You're only as young as the last time you changed your mind."
-Timothy Leary


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